n/a
Abstract Title:

Virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exposed to carvacrol: alterations of the Quorum sensing at enzymatic and gene levels.

Abstract Source:

J Cell Commun Signal. 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22. PMID: 30903602

Abstract Author(s):

Melvin R Tapia-Rodriguez, A Thalia Bernal-Mercado, M Melissa Gutierrez-Pacheco, Francisco J Vazquez-Armenta, Adrian Hernandez-Mendoza, Gustavo A Gonzalez-Aguilar, Miguel Angel Martinez-Tellez, Filomena Nazzaro, J Fernando Ayala-Zavala

Article Affiliation:

Melvin R Tapia-Rodriguez

Abstract:

The main goal of this study was to evaluate the inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence factors and Quorum Sensing during exposure to carvacrol. P. aeruginosa (ATCC 10154) was exposed to carvacrol determining changes in biofilm development, motility, acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) synthesis and relative expression of lasI/lasR. Docking analysis was used to determinate interactions between carvacrol with LasI and LasR proteins. P. aeruginosa produced 60% lower AHLs when exposed to carvacrol (1.9 mM) compared to control, without affecting cellular viability, indicating a reduction on the LasI synthase activity. AHL-C12, C6, and C4 were detected and related to biofilm development, motility, and pyocyanin production, respectively. The presence of carvacrol reduced the expression of lasR, without affecting lasI gen. Moreover, computational docking showed interactions of carvacrol with amino acids in the active site pocket of LasI (-5.6 kcal mol) and within the binding pocket of LasR (-6.7 kcal mol) of P. aeruginosa. These results demonstrated that virulence of P. aeruginosa was reduced by carvacrol, by inhibiting LasI activity with the concomitant reduction on the expression of lasR, biofilm and swarming motility. This study provides relevant information about the effect of carvacrol against quorum sensing to inhibit virulence factors of P. aeruginosa at enzymatic and gene levels. These findings can contribute to the development of natural anti-QS products, which can affect pathogenesis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.