Influence of vitamin C on the incidence of CRPS-I after subacromial shoulder surgery.
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2019 Sep 20. Epub 2019 Sep 20. PMID: 31541301
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether postoperative administration of vitamin C (VC) is associated with reduced risk of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I) after subacromial shoulder surgery (SaSS). The secondary objective of the study was to identify risk factor for the development of CRPS-I after SaSS.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate 542 patients undergoing SaSS from January 2015 to December 2016. The cohort was divided into two groups based on VC administration [Group I (no VC) and Group II (500 mg/day oral VC for 50 days postoperatively)]. The relationship between VC administration and development of CRPS-I was assessed. Demographics, preoperative clinical parameters, and operative variables were evaluated to determine their effect on the incidence of CRPS-I.
RESULTS: A total of 267 patients (Group II) undergoing SaSS received VC, and 266 patients (Group I) did not. The incidence of CRPS-I was significantly different between two groups (36(13%) vs 18(7%), p = 0.009). Multivariable regression, however, demonstrated that VC reduced the risk of CRPS-I after SaSS by> 50% (aOR = 0.49; 95% CI 0.27-0.91). Patients undergoing open surgery (aOR = 2.19; 95% CI 1.2-4.0) were more likely to develop CRPS-I postoperatively. Higher preoperative Constant score (aOR = 0.94; 95% CI 0.91-0.98) was associated with lower risk for CRPS-I development.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study found that VC administered prophylactically for 50 days postoperatively is effective in preventing CRPS-I development after SaSS. CRPS-I is a common complication following SaSS, especially in the setting of an open approach. The authors recommend preventive management with VC and arthroscopic approaches when possible for SaSS.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: Retrospective comparative study.