[Effects of vitamin C on the inhibition of human leucocyte antigen class I (HLA-I) expression of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells induced by deoxynivalenol in vitro].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2006 Sep ;40(5):314-8. PMID: 17166420
OBJECTIVE: To explore the putative effects of Vitamin C (Vit C) on inhibition of human leucocyte antigen class I (HLA-I) expression of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (HPBMCs) induced by deoxynivalenol (DON) in vitro.
METHODS: The effects of Vit C on the changes of HLA-I expression of HPBMCs induced by DON in vitro were evaluated with cell culture, flow cytometry (FCM), Western blotting and immunocytochemical methods.
RESULTS: FCM analysis showed that HLA-I expression of HPBMCs in DON treated cells was significantly lower than that in controls (FI 0.88 +/- 0.02 vs 1.00 +/- 0.03, P<0.05). As compared with DON group, the HLA-I expressions of HPBMCs in the two Vit C (25 micromol/L and 100 micromol/L) pretreatment groups were all significantly increased (1.15 +/- 0.06 and 1.10 +/- 0.02 vs 0.88 +/- 0.02, P<0.05). Exposure to different dosage of Vit C alone could dramatically increase the expression of HLA-I of HPBMCs in vitro as compared with that in the normal control (FI for 25 micromol/L and 100 micromol/L Vit C treatment group was 1.28 +/- 0.03 and 1.25 +/- 0.05 respectively, P<0.05). Immunocytochemical results showed that the percentages of HLA-I positive expression of HPBMCs in Vit C pretreatment groups at different dosages were significantly higher than those in DON group (70.10 +/- 6.90)%, (64.50 +/- 5.50)% vs (42.20 +/- 4.30)%, P<0.05. Western blotting confirmed the results of FCM and immunocytochemistry.
CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin C pretreatment at different dosages could reverse at some extent the inhibitive effects of DON on HLA-I expression of HPBMCs.