Biochemical evaluation of oxidative stress in propylthiouracil treated hyperthyroid patients. Effects of vitamin C supplementation.
Clin Chem Lab Med. 1998 Oct;36(10):767-70. PMID: 9853803
In this study the impact of vitamin C supplementation on oxidative damage as assessed by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and markers of antioxidant status: namely Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glutathione were investigated in 24 hyperthyroid patients under propylthiouracil therapy (3x100 mg/day) for five days and in 15 healthy controls. Ascorbic acid (1000 mg/day) was given as a supplement for 1 month to both the patients and controls during the study period. Heparinised blood samples were taken at the beginning and the end of one month ascorbic acid supplementation. Comparison of the hyperthyroid patients with the controls revealed higher lipid peroxidation (p<0.001), higher Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase activity (p<0.001), higher glutathione level (p<0.001) and lower glutathione reductase activity (p<0.001). Vitamin C supplementation to hyperthyroid patients caused significant increases in glutathione concentration (p<0.001) and glutathione peroxidase activity (p<0.001), whereas there were significant decreases in glutathione reductase (p<0.001) and Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase activities (p<0.01). Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances/glutathione ratio were significantly decreased (p<0.01). Vitamin C supplementation to euthyroid controls caused significant increases in glutathione concentration (p<0.001) and glutathione peroxidase and Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase activities (p<0.001), whereas there was a significant decrease in glutathione reductase (p<0.001). The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances/glutathione ratio was significantly decreased (p<0.05). Our findings reveal the potentiation of antioxidant status and a relief in oxidative stress in both propylthiouracil treated hyperthyroid patients and controls in response to vitamin C supplementation.