Vitamin D Improves Cardiac Function After Myocardial Infarction Through Modulation of Resident Cardiac Progenitor Cells.
Heart Lung Circ. 2018 Aug ;27(8):967-975. Epub 2018 Feb 3. PMID: 29573957
Thi Y L Le
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has been implicated in the prevention of heart failure. However the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We hypothesised that these effects may be partially mediated by cardiac stem/progenitor cells (CPCs). Therefore, we examined the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D) on cell cycle activity and differentiation of a previously described CPC population called cardiac colony-forming unit fibroblasts (cCFU-Fs).
METHODS: cCFU-Fs were isolated from adult male C57Bl/6 mouse hearts using fluorescence-activated cell sorting. The effect of 1,25D on cell proliferation and differentiation were was assessed by colony-forming and fibroblast differentiation assays. Cell cycle was analysed by flow cytometry. Mice with induced myocardial infarction (MI) were treated with 1,25D or vehicle controls and cardiac function assessed by echocardiography.
RESULTS: 1,25D dose-dependently increased expression of vitamin D receptor (Vdr) and reduced large colony formation. Addition of 1,25D to cCFU-Fs slowed cell proliferation, promoted cell cycle arrest and decreased expression of pro-fibrotic factors during TGF-β-induced fibroblast differentiation of cCFU-Fs. After MI, 1,25D-treated mice had less left ventricular wall thinning and significant improvement in left ventricular systolic function compared to vehicle-treated controls. Although no significant changes in myocardial fibrotic area and cardiomyocytesize were noted, treatment with 1,25D significantly inhibited cardiac interstitial cell proliferation after MI.
CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D signalling promotes cardioprotection after myocardial infarction. This may be through modulation of cCFU-F cell cycle. The role of 1,25D and VDR in regulating cardiac stem/progenitor cell function therefore warrants further investigation.