Vitamin D supplementation as a control program against latent tuberculosis infection in Korean high school students.
Epidemiol Health. 2018 ;40:e2018035. Epub 2018 Jul 27. PMID: 30056639
Eun Hee Kim
The prevalence of latnetinfection (LTBI) in the first-grade high school students in South Korea was 2.1%, which was the lowest level at congregated settings in 2017. For LTBI cases refusing anti-tuberculosis (TB) medication or having poor compliance, additional support should be considered. Eight systematic reviews concluded that vitamin D (VD) deficiency is a risk factor for TB. While three of four South Korean adolescents were VD deficiency, VD supplementation could be a practical remedy to protect LTBI students of refusing anti-TB medication or having poor compliance.