Vitamin E-supplementation has a protective effect towards BPA induced testicular toxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Alteration in apoptotic rate of testicular cells and sperms following administration of Bisphenol A (BPA) in Wistar albino rats.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 May 21. Epub 2018 May 21. PMID: 29785601
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Bisphenol A [BPA] widely used as a plasticizer in the formation of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, exposure causing alteration in apoptosis rate, and protective effect of Vitamin E when supplemented with BPA orally. Adult male Wistar albino rats aged 3 months were randomly divided into seven groups: control (olive oil treated) BPA-treated (dose 5, 50,100 μg/100gmBW) and Vitamin E intervention group (dose 5, 50, 100 μg/100gmBW BPA+ Vitamin E dose 4 mg/100gmBW). Animals were sacrificed 3 months later, and blood and tissue samples were collected. Apoptotic changes were analyzed in epididymal spermatozoa and testis tissue by binding of annexin V apoptotic biomarker. A significant decline in the weight of testis, testosterone level, and sperm count was observed. Histopathological and apoptotic changes were observed in testis tissue. In epididymal sperms, the early apoptotic cells were observed by staining of annexin V-conjugated FITC and PI green fluorescence in spermatozoa head which indicated the damage of membrane and late apoptotic cells. These changes reduced significantly in Vitamin E-treated groups though were not found to becomparable to control animals. All these changes were attributed to disrupted spermatogenesis that would interfere with sperm formation. Thus, the study infers that BPA affects the apoptosis process in the testis and epididymal sperm that would interfere with its function and contribute to infertility, whereas Vitamin E-supplemented dose has a protective effect towards these changes, indicating its role in improving male fertility.