antioxidant activity of olive leaf extract (L.) and its protective effect on oxidative damage in human erythrocytes.
Heliyon. 2018 Sep ;4(9):e00805. Epub 2018 Sep 20. PMID: 30255162
Patricia Goldschmidt Lins
Aims: This study aimed to evaluateantioxidant capacity of olive leaf extract (OLE),L., and its protective effect on peroxyl radical-induced oxidative damage in human erythrocytes.
Main methods: The OLE was evaluated by the following assays: i) total phenolic and flavonoid content; ii) oleuropein content; iii) Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP); iv) antioxidant activity against ABTS, DPPHand reactive oxygen and nitrogen species: superoxide anion (), hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and nitric oxide (NO) and v) protective effect on peroxyl radical-induced oxidative damages in human erythrocytes as hemolysis, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) formation and oxyhemoglobin oxidation.
Key findings: Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were 131.7± 9.4 mg gallic acid equivalents/g dry weight (dw) and 19.4 ± 1.3 mg quercetin equivalents/g dw, respectively. Oleuropein content was 25.5 ± 5.2 mg/g dw. FRAP analysis was 281.8 ± 22.8 mg trolox equivalent/g dw and OLE inhibited ABTS(50% effective concentration (EC) = 16.1± 1.2 μg/mL) and DPPH(EC= 13.8± 0.8 μg/mL). The extract demonstrated effective ability to scavenge (EC= 52.6± 2.1 μg/mL), NO(EC= 48.4± 6.8 μg/mL) and HOCl (EC= 714.1± 31.4 μg/mL). The extract inhibited peroxyl radical-induced hemolysis (EC= 11.5± 1.5 μg/mL), TBARS formation (EC= 38.0± 11.7 μg/mL) and hemoglobin oxidation (EC= 186.3± 29.7 μg/mL) in erythrocytes.
Significance: OLE is an important source of natural antioxidants; it has effective antioxidant activity against different reactive species and protects human erythrocytes against oxidative damage.