In vitro antioxidant, anti-glycation and immunomodulation activities of fermented blue-green algae Aphanizomenon flos-aquae.
Mol Biol Rep. 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29. PMID: 30694455
To clarify the antioxidant, anti-glycation and immunomodulatory capacities of fermented blue-green algae Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (AFA), hot aqueous extract suspensions made from 10% AFA were fermented by Lactobacillus plantarum AN7 and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis Kushiro-L2 strains isolated from a coastal region of Japan. The DPPH and Oradical scavenging capacities and Fe-reducing power were increased in the fermented AFA. The increased DPPH radical scavenging capacity of the fermented AFA was fractionated to mainly < 3 kDa and 30-100 kDa. The increased Oradical scavenging capacities were fractionated to mainly < 3 kDa. Anti-glycation activity in BSA-fructose model rather than BSA-methylglyoxal model was increased by the fermentation. The increased anti-glycation activity was fractionated to mainly 30-100 kDa. The NO concentration in the murine macrophage RAW264.7 culture media was high with the fermented AFA. The increased immunomodulation capacity was also fractionated to mainly 30-100 kDa. These results suggest that the fermented AFA is a more useful material for health foods and supplements.