The protective effects of walnut green husk polysaccharide on liver injury, vascular endothelial dysfunction and disorder of gut microbiota in high fructose-induced mice.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9. PMID: 32531370
This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of walnut green husk polysaccharide (WGHP) on liver injury, vascular endothelial dysfunction and disorder of gut microbiota in mice induced by high fructose (HF) diet. The chemical analysis results show that the walnut green husk polysaccharide is a low molecular weight acidic heteropolysaccharide, composed mainly of glucuronic acid, arabinose and galactose. Biochemical analysis showed that WGHP significantly improved glucose metabolism and lipid metabolism and decreased oxidative stress in HF-diet induced obesity mice. Histopathological observation of liver and cardiovascular aorta confirmed the protective effects of WGHP on hepatic steatosis and vascular endothelial dysfunction. Furthermore, 16S rRNA sequencing results demonstrated that WGHP reversed the disorders of gut microbiota caused by HF, decreased the relative abundance of Verrucomicrobia and increased the relative abundance of Deferribacteres at the phylum level, decreased the relative abundance of Akkermansia, Lachnoclostridium and norank_f__Muribaculaceae and increased the relative abundance of Prevotellaceae_UCG-001, Helicobacter, Alloprevotella and Allobaculum at the genus levels. Our results indicate that WGHP may act as a functional polysaccharide for protecting liver and cardiovascular in HF-fed mice.