Abstract Title:

Protective effects of wheat bran against diquat toxicity in male Fischer-344 rats.

Abstract Source:

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2007 Jul;71(7):1621-5. Epub 2007 Jul 7. PMID: 17617720

Abstract Author(s):

Masashi Higuchi, Shigeki Kobayashi, Naomi Kawasaki, Keiji Hamaoka, Sho Watabiki, Koichi Orino, Kiyotaka Watanabe

Article Affiliation:

Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Kitasato University, Towada, Aomori, Japan.

Abstract:

After injection with 0.1 mmol diquat/kg body weight, survival time was markedly shorter in Fischer-344 rats fed a purified diet than in rats fed a regular diet, and much more severe hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity were observed in the former than in the latter. The longer the feeding period on the purified diet, the shorter the survival time after diquat administration. These results indicate that the purified diet lacked components present in the regular diet that had protective effects against diquat toxicity. These two diets had nearly the same composition and content of vitamins and minerals. We tested the ingredients of the regular diet to determine which ones reduce diquat toxicity. We found that wheat bran had a protective effect, but that rice bran and bean-curd refuse (okara) did not.

Study Type : Animal Study

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