Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) and concanavalin A have insulin-like activity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effects of wheat germ agglutinin and concanavalin A on the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in pericellular matrix of human dermal fibroblasts. A comparison with insulin.
Acta Biochim Pol. 2001;48(2):563-72. PMID: 11732625
Department of Molecular Immunology, Institute of Biochemistry, Kiev, Ukraine. firstname.lastname@example.org
The effect of insulin, wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), peanut agglutinin (PNA) and concanavalin A (ConA) on [3H]glucosamine incorporation into pericellular glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) was investigated in two lines of cultured human dermal fibroblasts. Insulin and WGA stimulated [3H]glucosamine incorporation into hyaluronic acid (HA) and heparan sulphate (HS) without any alteration of chondroitin sulphate (CS) and dermatan sulphate (DS) contents. ConA increased [3H]glucosamine incorporation into HS, CS and DS, but had no effect on [3Hglucosamine incorporation into HA. PNA affected neither the content, nor the composition of GAGs. In contrast to PNA, ConA and WGA stimulated glycolysis and demonstrated an evident antiproliferative effect on dermal fibroblasts. Thus, both the insulin-like action of WGA and ConA on cultured dermal fibroblasts and the differences between the effects of lectins on modulation of GAGs synthesis appear to be determined by their chemical structure.