Further characterization of wheat germ agglutinin interaction with human platelets: exposure of fibrinogen receptors.
Thromb Haemost. 1986 Dec 15;56(3):323-7. PMID: 3105108
It was previously shown that Wheat germ agglutinin, (WGA)-induced platelet activation occurred when only 17% of the lectin binding sites were occupied on the platelet surface and WGA caused the release of a platelet constituent which in turn participates in the observed effect. We now further define the platelet activation induced by WGA: the lectin induces a binding of fibrinogen to specific surface receptors. 125I-fibrinogen binding increases with the WGA concentration from 5 to 15 micrograms/ml. Binding occurs without addition of exogenous calcium; its analysis demonstrated 54,000 sites with a Ka = 0.8 X 10(6) M-1. Addition of 1 mM Ca2+ enhances the 125I-fibrinogen binding and reveals a second class of sites with higher affinity (9200 sites, Ka = 0.17 X 10(8) M-1). This 125I-fibrinogen binding is totally abolished by EDTA, ATP and arginine, and inhibited by 75% by CP/CPK; cyclooxygenase inhibitors and PGE1 also reduce the fibrinogen binding. Thus the WGA-induced fibrinogen binding is release-dependent and responsible for the aggregation process but not for the agglutinating effect of the lectin.