White cocoa tea exhibits anti-cancer activity against human prostate cancer cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
In vitro and in vivo effects of water extract of white cocoa tea (Camellia ptilophylla) against human prostate cancer.
Pharm Res. 2010 Jun;27(6):1128-37. Epub 2010 Mar 12. PMID: 20224992
School of Life Science, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.
PURPOSE: We evaluated the chemotherapeutic effect of water extract of white cocoa tea (WCTE) against human prostate cancer (PCa) in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Cell viability and cell cycle distribution were determined by MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Western blotting was performed to determine changes in levels of various proteins. Effect of WCTE was determined in athymic nude mice implanted with PC-3 cells. RESULTS: Treatment with WCTE (100-150 microg/ml) inhibited cell proliferation, which correlated with G2/M phase arrest in PC-3 cells. WCTE treatment to PC-3 cells resulted in (1) induction of WAF1/p21 and KIP1/p27, (2) decrease in cyclins D1, D2 and E, (3) decrease in cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) 2, 4 and 6, (4) induction of Bax and down-regulation of Bcl-2, (5) decrease in procaspase-3, -8, (6) inhibition of nuclear translocation and phosphorylation of NF-kappaB and activation of IKKalpha, and (7) inhibition of phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaBalpha. Oral administration of WCTE (0.1 and 0.2%, wt/vol) to athymic nude mice resulted in greater than 50% inhibition of tumor growth. There was a decrease in expressions of cyclin D1, Bcl-2 and p-NF-kappaB and an increase in WAF1/p21 and Bax in tumor tissues of mice. CONCLUSION: WCTE can be a useful chemotherapeutic agent against human PCa.