Wogonin exacerbates the cytotoxic effect of oxaliplatin by inducing nitrosative stress and autophagy in human gastric cancer cells.
Phytomedicine. 2018 Jan 15 ;39:168-175. Epub 2017 Dec 18. PMID: 29433678
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer remains one of the leading cause of death in the world. Drug combinations are potential approaches to provide more efficient treatments that minimize side effects.
PURPOSE: We investigated the pharmacological effects of the combination of wogonin with oxaliplatin on gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study, we found that wogonin enhanced the cytotoxicity of oxaliplatin; the drug combination resulted in strong synergistic inhibition of the cell viability in BGC-823 cells and in a zebrafish xenograft model. Interestingly, the combined treatment of wogonin and oxaliplatin modulated the expression of phospho-JNK (Thr183/Tyr185), phospho-ULK1 (Ser555) and the formation of LC3II. Confocal imaging data consistently showed that wogonin exacerbates the oxaliplatin-induced dissipation of the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and formation of peroxynitrite in BGC-823 cells. Moreover, wogonin allows a reduction in oxaliplatin dose when they are combined; therefore, it is a relevant strategy for reducing the side effects of oxaliplatin while achieving the same response.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that wogonin can be a potential therapeutic candidate for enhancing the efficacy of oxaliplatin in gastric cancer treatment.