Wogonin attenuates etoposide-induced oxidative DNA damage and apoptosis via suppression of oxidative DNA stress and modulation of OGG1 expression.
Food Chem Toxicol. 2013 Sep ;59:724-30. Epub 2013 Jul 17. PMID: 23872129
Sabry M Attia
Damage to DNA can lead to many different acute and chronic pathophysiological conditions, ranging from cancer to endothelial damage. The current study has been initiated to determine whether the flavonoid wogonin can attenuate etoposide-induced oxidative DNA damage and apoptosis in mouse bone marrow cells. We found that oral administration of wogonin before etoposide injection significantly attenuates etoposide-induced oxidative DNA damage and apoptosis in a dose dependent manner. Etoposide induced a significant down-regulation of mRNA expression of the OGG1 repair gene and marked biochemical alterations characteristic of oxidative DNA stress, including increased 8-OHdG, enhanced lipid peroxidation and reduction in reduced glutathione. Prior administration of wogonin ahead of etoposide challenge restored these altered parameters. Importantly, wogonin had no antagonizing effect on etoposide-induce topoisomerase-II inhibition. Conclusively, our study indicates that wogonin has a protective role in the abatement of etoposide-induced oxidative DNA damage and apoptosis in the bone marrow cells of mice via suppression of oxidative DNA stress and enhancing DNA repair through modulation of OGG1 repair gene expression. Therefore, wogonin can be a promising chemoprotective agent and might be useful to avert secondary leukemia and other drug-related cancers in cured cancer patients and medical personnel exposing to the potent carcinogen etoposide.