Xanthone suppresses allergic contact dermatitis in vitro and in vivo. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Xanthone suppresses allergic contact dermatitis in vitro and in vivo.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Jan ;78:106061. Epub 2019 Dec 9. PMID: 31821937
Xanthone is a phenolic compound found in a few higher plant families; it has a variety of biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the activity of xanthone in allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) remain to be explored. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the regulatory effects of xanthone in ACD in human keratinocytes (HaCaT cell), and human mast cell line (HMC-1 cell) in vitro and in an experimental murine model. The results demonstrated that treatment with xanthone reduced the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and expression of chemokines thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) and macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC) in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ-stimulated HaCaT cells. Xanthone also suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and allergic mediators in phorbol myristate acetate/A23187 calcium ionophore (PMACI)-stimulated HMC-1 cells. Xanthone significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and activation of caspase-1 signaling pathway in vitro model. Additionally, xanthone administration alleviated 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced atopic dermatitis like-skin lesion by reducing the serum levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), histamine, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and suppressing MAPKs phosphorylation. Xanthone administration also inhibited mortality due to compound 48/80-induced anaphylactic shock and suppressed the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) reaction mediated by IgE. Collectively, these results suggest that xanthone has a potential for use in the treatment of allergic inflammatory diseases.