Yeast, beef and pork extracts counteract Clostridium difficile toxin A enterotoxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Yeast, beef and pork extracts counteract Clostridium difficile toxin A enterotoxicity.
FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2009 Jun;295(2):218-25. Epub 2009 Apr 14. PMID: 19416358
Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland. firstname.lastname@example.org
Clostridium difficile is responsible for a large proportion of nosocomial cases of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea and pseudomembranous colitis. The present study provides evidence that yeast, beef and pork extracts, ingredients commonly used to grow bacteria, can counteract C. difficile toxin A enterotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. In model intestinal epithelial cells the individual extracts could prevent the toxin A-induced decrease in epithelial barrier function and partially prevented actin disaggregation and cell rounding. Mice with ad libitum access to individual extracts for 1 week had almost complete reduction in toxin A-induced fluid secretion in intestinal loops. Concomitantly, the toxin A-induced expression of the essential proinflammatory mediator Cox-2 was normalized. Moreover this protective effect was also seen when mice received only two doses of extract by intragastric gavage within 1 week. These results show that yeast, beef and pork extracts have the potential to counteract the intestinal pathogenesis triggered by C. difficile toxin A.