Effect of Yoga on Glucose Control and Quality of Life in Patients of Prediabetes.
Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25. PMID: 34037489
The objective of this study was to evaluate effect of yoga on fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial plasma glucose, and hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) and also on quality of life (QoL).This was a cohort study in which 100 diagnosed cases of prediabetes were recruited for doing specific yoga, and they themselves act as control for the study. The measurement and comparison of FPG, prandial plasma glucose (PPG), and HbA1C were done at three different time intervals, that is, baseline, 3 months, and at 6 months. The assessment of QoL was done using SF-36 scale.One hundred prediabetic cases were selected for the study in which impaired fasting glucose (IFG) was present more in younger population compared to impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and IFG plus IGT both of which are more prevalent in middle age group. The yoga therapy was found to have favorable effect on FPG, PPG, and HbA1C along with various anthropometry measures studied in this study. After adjusting correlation coefficient for various anthropometry measures, yoga was found to be effective for controlling glycemic parameters in prediabetics.Yoga is a type of exercise known to improve glycemic control by changing anthropometry measures, but our study aids in knowledge about the beneficial effect beyond this known fact through other mechanisms yet to be explored.