Yucca contains a compound structurally related to resveratrol with anti-cancer activity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic activity of novel phenolic derivatives of resveratrol.
Life Sci. 2007 Aug 23;81(11):873-83. Epub 2007 Jul 24. PMID: 17764700
Gloriosaols A-C, isolated from Yucca gloriosa (Agavaceae), are novel phenolic compounds structurally related to resveratrol. In the present study, we show that gloriosaols possess antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic activity on tumor cells of different histogenetic origin and that their cell growth inhibition potential is higher than that of resveratrol. Despite the close similarities in their structure, gloriosaols A-C exhibited different antiproliferative potency, as the EC(50) ascending order is: gloriosaol C, gloriosaol A, gloriosaol B. Further mechanisms of gloriosaol C cytotoxicity were elucidated in detail in U937 cells, the most sensitive of the cell lines tested. The effect of gloriosaol C on cell growth turned out to be strongly dependent upon the concentration. Gloriosaol C doses lower than the EC(50) value (8 mu-icroM) blocked the cell cycle in G(0)/G(1), with a concurrent decrease in the number of cells in the G(2)/M phases of the cell cycle. At higher doses, this arrest overlaps with the occurrence of apoptosis and necrosis. In the 10-25 microM range of doses, gloriosaol C caused cell death mainly by apoptosis, as measured by hypodiploidia induction, phosphatidyl serine externalization and disruption of mitochondrial transmembrane potential. A switch in the mode of death from apoptosis to necrosis occurred at doses of gloriosaol C higher than 30 microM. Gloriosaol C was found to induce production of reactive species dose-dependently, but also to counteract their elevation in stressed cells. Thus, the different fate of cells, that is cell cycle arrest or cell death, in response to different doses of gloriosaol C might be related to the extent of induced oxidative stress.