Zataria multiflora and carvacrol have a powerful hepatoprotective effects. - GreenMedInfo Summary
The Preventive Effects of Standardized Extract ofand Carvacrol on Acetaminophen-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rat: -Carvacrol and Hepatotoxicity.
J Pharmacopuncture. 2018 Dec ;21(4):249-257. Epub 2018 Dec 31. PMID: 30652051
Objectives: The hepatotoxicity induced by Acetaminophen (AAP) mostly mediated by effect on oxidative stress parameters. The(Z.M) is an herbal medicine with well-known antioxidant effect. The aim of this study is investigation of preventive effects of Z.M and Carvacrol (CAR) on AAP-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
Methods: Rats were randomly divided into four groups including: 1) Control, 2) Acetaminophen (AAP), 3) and 4) CAR. The saline, Z.M (200 mg/kg) and CAR (20 mg/kg) were administrated orally for 6 days, after that AAP (600 mg/kg) was administrated in the 7day. Blood sampling was performed on the first and last days. Also, the liver tissue was removed for evaluation of Malondyaldehide (MDA), Thiol content, Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Catalase (CAT). Total Protein (tPro), Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (GOT), Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (GPT) and Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) in liver tissue were evaluated. The changes (Δ) of enzymes activities were presented.
Results: TheΔ GOT, Δ GPT and Δ ALP in CAR group significantly decreased compared to AAP group (P<0.01 to P<0.001) andΔ GPT in Z.M group was significantly reduced in comparison with AAP group (P<0.05). Also, MDA, Thiol, SOD and CAT levels in treated groups were attenuated compared to AAP group (P<0.05 to P<0.001).
Conclusion: Z.M and CAR have a powerful hepatoprotective effect. CAR is more effective than Z.M. Based on the results. Z.M and CAR could be potent supplementary agents against hepatotoxicity of AAP in patients.