Zerumbone, a Cyclic Sesquiterpene from Zingiber zerumbet Induces Apoptosis, Cell Cycle Arrest, and Antimigratory Effects in SW480 Colorectal Cancer Cells.
J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Jan 24 ;66(3):602-612. Epub 2018 Jan 16. PMID: 29276946
Zerumbone isolated from the rhizomes of Zingiber zerumbet was investigated for the mechanisms by which it exhibits antiproliferative activity in colorectal cancer cells (SW480). The results indicated that the zerumbone suppressed cell growth and enhanced cell apoptosis. Exposure to zerumbone induced generation of reactive oxygen species, reduced the cellular antioxidant status, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, and activated caspase 3, caspase 8, and caspase 9 (p<0.001). It was also found that there was a decrease in the expression of Bcl 2 and elevation of Bax (p<0.001) on exposure to zerumbone. Furthermore, treatment with 50, 75, and 100μM zerumbone resulted in cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase with a value of 17.2 ± 0.1, 19.63 ± 0.25, and 26.66 ± 0.25, respectively, and also distorted the microfilament network and effectively inhibited cellular migration.