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This week, a U.S. judge ordered tobacco companies to publicly admit they lied about the dangers of smoking, but they are still being allowed to cover up the lethal, radiation-linked health risks associated with tobacco use.
With the latest court order by a U.S. judge to force tobacco firms to admit they lied about the dangers of smoking making headlines, it is easy to forget that big tobacco did not only lie, but knowingly allowed (and are still allowing) millions of smokers to suffer and die from radioisotope-contaminated tobacco poisoning with their full knowledge and consent.
According to a 2009 article in the journal Isis, both external and industry scientists started researching the dangers of radioisotopes in cigarettes over 40 years ago. The first scientific paper on polonium-210, a daughter radioisotope of uranium, linking it to lung cancer was published in 1964. According to the article:
Despite forty years of research suggesting that polonium is a leading carcinogen in tobacco, the manufacturers have not made a definitive move to reduce the concentration of radioactive isotopes in cigarettes. The polonium story therefore presents yet another chapter in the long tradition of industry use of science and scientific authority in an effort to thwart disease prevention. The impressive extent to which tobacco manufacturers understood the hazards of polonium and the high executive level at which the problem and potential solutions were discussed within the industry are exposed here by means of internal documents made available through litigation. [i]
The internal documents referenced above, which were made available online in 1998 by the Master Settlement Agreement, revealed that the companies suppressed publication of their own internal research to avoid heightening the public's awareness of radioactivity in cigarettes.[ii]
Polonium-210: The #1 Health Threat In Tobacco
Polonium-210 is a byproduct of the decay of uranium daughter isotopes, which, while occurring naturally in the environment, are primarily found within our soil as a result of the use of phosphate fertilizers and pollution from various industries. Industry sources include uranium mining, nuclear and coal-fired power plants. In fact, "fly ash" produced from coal-fired power carries 100 times more radiation into the surrounding environment than a nuclear power plant producing the same amount of energy. This is, of course, when nuclear power plants properly contain their radioactive fuel and waste and don't release massive, irretrievable quantities of radioisotopes into the environment, as occurred in Chernobyl and Fukushima.
Nuclear weapons and munitions (depleted uranium), are another well-known source of global contamination. Also, for those who believe certified organic tobacco is safer, no matter where the uranium comes from, tobacco plants selectively absorb and concentrate the byproduct of its decay, Polonium-210, to dangerous -- if not lethal -- levels. The relatively high levels found within tobacco are rather consistent over time and geographical area.[iii]
A recent review published in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research summarized this disturbing fact of history as follows:
[T]he industry was not only cognizant of the potential "cancerous growth" in the lungs of regular smokers but also did quantitative radiobiological calculations to estimate the long-term (25 years) lung radiation absorption dose (rad) of ionizing alpha particles emitted from the cigarette smoke. Our own calculations of lung rad of alpha particles match closely the rad estimated by the industry. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the industry's and our estimate of long-term lung rad of alpha particles causes 120-138 lung cancer deaths per year per 1,000 regular smokers.
These findings indicate that the tobacco industry's relationship to their consumer base was (and still is) homicidal, in the worst, premeditated sense of the word. The motive? Profit. The industry actually knew how to mitigate the problem, but realized it would interfere with the addictive power of their product (and therefore profitability) to do so:
Acid wash was discovered in 1980 to be highly effectively in removing (210)Po from the tobacco leaves; however, the industry avoided its use for concerns that acid media would ionize nicotine converting it into a poorly absorbable form into the brain of smokers thus depriving them of the much sought after instant "nicotine kick" sensation.
Polonium 210 is extraordinarily toxic when ingested or inhaled. In fact, it is 4500 times more toxic than radium 226 -- a startling fact considering that during the Manhattan Project (1944), the "tolerance dose" for workers was set at 0.1 microgram of ingested radium. When incorporated into the body, radioisotopes like Polonium-210 emit alpha particles, which are the radiobiological equivalent of howitzers on a cellular level, profoundly damaging, mutating and destroying DNA, as well as causing other forms of irreparable damage to the cell.
Because of the fact that the dominant radiation risk model does not acknowledge the profoundly detrimental effects of low-dose, internalized radioisotope exposure (largely because it was developed before the discovery of DNA in the early 50's and was based on external exposures to the type of gamma-radiation associated with atomic bomb blast), the true dangers associated with Polonium-210 have been largely concealed, distorted or discounted.
According to a review published in the journal Health Physics in 2010, smoking tobacco has resulted in "443,000 deaths and 5.1 million years of potential life lost among the U.S. population each year from 2000 through 2004." Furthermore, the review estimated that the associated collective radiation dose from smoking is "more than 36 times that to the workers at all the U.S. nuclear power plants, U.S. Department of Energy nuclear weapons facilities, and crews of all the vessels in the U.S. Nuclear Navy." It is no surprise then that it has been suggested that tobacco products should carry a radiation-exposure warning label.[iv]
View the Polonium abstracts from the National Library of Medicine indexed on Greenmedinfo.com.
- [i] Brianna Rego. The Polonium brief: a hidden history of cancer, radiation, and the tobacco industry. Isis. 2009 Sep ;100(3):453-84. PMID: 19960838
- [ii] iv Monique E Muggli, Jon O Ebbert, Channing Robertson, Richard D Hurt. Waking a sleeping giant: the tobacco industry's response to the polonium-210 issue. Am J Public Health. 2008 Sep ;98(9):1643-50. Epub 2008 Jul 16. PMID: 18633078
- [iii] Polonium-210 and lead-210 in the terrestrial environment: a historical review. J Environ Radioact. 2011 May ;102(5):420-9. Epub 2011 Mar 5. PMID: 21377252